Coping with Disease on a Global Population

Obama on Ebola crisis: ‘We must be guided by facts not fear’

  • President Barack Obama says the U.S. must be guided by science — not fear — as it responds to Ebola.
  • In his weekly radio and Internet address, Obama says he was proud to give Texas nurse Nina Pham a hug in the Oval Office after she was cured of Ebola. He says the other nurse who contracted Ebola is also improving.
    President Barack Obama greets Nina Pham

  • Obama is praising New York’s quick reaction to its first Ebola case. He says he’s promised local officials any federal help they need.
  • Obama is reminding Americans they can’t contract Ebola unless they come into direct contact with a patient’s bodily fluids.
  • The president says the U.S. can beat the disease if it remains vigilant. He says the best way to stop it is at its source in West Africa. » The AP article – October 26, 2014

  • The New York Times – Learning Network – Fighting Disease: Researching the History and Biology of Vaccines
    Overview | What is a vaccine, and why do we need them? How do vaccines work, and how were they developed? In this lesson, students gauge their previous knowledge about vaccines. They then explore the history and biology of vaccines and create educational posters on the nature of vaccines and public opinions about them.
    Go to this Health and Building Society Lesson.
  • Related Lesson – Nothing to Sneeze At

    Enlisting (Thai) villagers in 2006 flu battle – set a global example  “Thailand ha(d) mobilized about 750,000 volunteers (under the Thaksin government) one for every 15 rural households.” ‘This is something that all over the world we’ve been trying to promote. And this is probably the best example that I’ve ever seen.’ said William Aldis, the representative of the World Health Organization in Thailand.” Go to the article – By Thomas Fuller – International Herald Tribune

Cervical Cancer Vaccine

HPV Vaccination

  • By aggressively vaccinating girls against HPV (which is responsible for 90 percent of genital wart diagnoses), Australia appears to have offered considerable protection not just to its female population but also its men as well.
  • Vaccine against cervical cancer.
    The cancer vaccine could be given to girls as young as nine. – Image and article

  • Commenting on the report, Dr. Jocylen Glassberg, an obstetrician/gynecologist at Scott and White Healthcare in Round Rock, Texas, said that “the take-home message is the vaccine is obviously working.”
  • “It will take many more years to see the same decline in cervical cancer rates due to the naturally slow progression of that disease process,” she said.
  • “But the vaccine works. The fact that genital wart rates were virtually zero after such a short time in women and men, even in a program just aimed at vaccinated women, is a phenomenal result.” » The full health news article – By Alan Mozes – April 19, 2013.

In Thailand, a simple test for cervical cancer uses vinegar

  • Nurses using the new procedure, developed by experts at the Johns Hopkins medical school in the 1990s and endorsed last year by the World Health Organization, brush vinegar on a woman’s cervix.
  • It makes precancerous spots turn white. They can then be immediately frozen off with a metal probe cooled by a tank of carbon dioxide, available from any Coca-Cola bottling plant. » The full New York Times article – By Donald G. McNeil.Jr. – Published: September 26, 2011.

The Cervical cancer vaccine – who needs it, and how it works:

  • The cervical cancer vaccine is the first vaccine ever designed to prevent a cancer. In the United States – where cervical cancer strikes about 10,000 women a year and causes up to 4,000 deaths – the impact of the cervical cancer vaccine will be tremendous.
  • Worldwide, the impact may be even greater. According to the World Health Organization, there were 500,000 new cases of cervical cancer in 2005. » Mayo Clinic: questions and answers article.


  • Related article: HPV Virus to blame for rise in throat cancer:
  • Cancer of the back of the mouth and throat is on the rise, primarily because of more cases stemming from a viral infection called human papillomavirus (HPV), according to a U.S. study.
  • The number of people who were diagnosed with HPV-related oral cancer in 2004 was triple the number diagnosed in 1988 — due largely, researchers suspect, to changes in sexual behavior that have helped spread the virus. » The full Reuters article – By Kerry Grens – October 4, 2011.

  • The New York Times – Learning Network – The Vaccination Question:
    Overview | Students share opinions about common vaccines, then consider facts and opinions about the HPV vaccine and hold a “fishbowl” discussion. They then survey members of the community to determine their perspectives on the issue. » Go to this Health and Science Lesson.

Causes and ways to avoid breast cancer

  • Breast cancer is in the headlines: Angelina Jolie had a double mastectomy when she learned that she carries a gene that puts her at high risk for the disease.
  • We spoke to experts Powel H. Brown and Marisa Weiss to learn more about the genetics of breast cancer.
    Powel H. Brown is a breast medical oncologist and professor and chair of the department of clinical cancer prevention at MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.

    • Not every breast cancer is due to a gene?
      – – There are two kinds of breast cancer: the common kind, which is called a sporadic kind, which most people get. It usually occurs over the age of 50. And the strongly inherited kind.
    • What percentage of breast cancers are linked to a gene?
      – – It’s only about 5 to 10 percent—and probably 3 to 5 percent [are] BRCA1 or 2 associated.
    • How to lower the risk
      – – For the average-risk person, breast cancer occurs something on the order of one in seven or one in eight women in this country.
      – – The average-risk person should have a healthy lifestyle with a healthy diet, low in red meat, high in chicken, fruit, fish, and vegetables. Alcohol also puts you at risk: As little as three glasses per week increases your risk of breast cancer.
    • How are people responding to the news that Angelina Jolie was at risk for breast cancer?
      – – I think it really shocked people. I think people expect that someone who looks so sexual and beautiful and young and fancy and with so much celebrity is immune or has some free pass.» The full national Geographic article – By Mark Silver – May 15, 2013.

More and more evidence is demonstrating that even just 15 minutes a day of physical activity can have a significant impact on longevity.

  • The benefits applied to all age groups and both sexes, as well as to those at risk for heart problems.
  • “If the minimum amount of exercise we suggest is adhered to, mortality from heart disease, diabetes and cancer could be reduced,” the researchers wrote.
  • “This low volume of physical activity could play a central part in the global war against non-communicable diseases, reducing medical costs and health disparities.” » The full Washington Post article – By Rod Stein – Published: August 17, 2011.

Vigorous Exercise Cuts Breast Cancer Risk

Exercise Reduces breast cancer risk Image Source

  • The findings suggest that exercise itself protects against breast cancer, regardless of whether it leads to weight loss, note Michael F. Leitzmann, MD, and colleagues at the National Cancer Institute.
  • The researchers analyzed data on more than 32,000 postmenopausal women collected over 11 years as part of the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project. » The Article from WebMD – By Daniel J. DeNoon

  • The New York Times – Learning Network – What Will You Do With Your Life?
    Overview | Students consider what it means to live a life well-lived by creating life lists of goals they would like to accomplish and analyzing patterns in the lists of their peers. » Go to this Life’s Lesson.
  • The New York Times – Learning Network – Talking about Breast Cancer:
    Overview | Students share words and associations related to cancer. They then investigate and participate in dialogues about the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. » Go to this Health, Science and Life’s Lesson.
  • The New York Times – Learning Network – The Science of Aging
    Overview | Student reflect on the lives of older people they know, then research and debate the key issues surrounding scientific experimentation in anti-aging. (Related NYT article: » Even more reason to get moving – By Jane E. Brody) » Go to this Health and Science Lesson.

Have we become Sugar Addicts?

Are you a secret sugar addict?

    sugar addiction Image source

  • It makes us fat, rots our teeth and has been linked to heart disease and cancer, yet sugar is found in just about everything we eat – and in rapidly rising amounts.
  • Indeed, for many of us sugar has become our drug of choice, helping us through the afternoon energy crash in the form of a handful of biscuits, chocolate or cereal bars, and going without it makes us tired, grumpy and downright miserable.
  • To top things off, studies have suggested that sugar could be as addictive as drugs and alcohol, which earlier this year led academics in the journal Nature to call for sweet stuff to be taxed and restricted like booze and cigarettes. The full New research suggests excess sugar could be deadlier than fat and more addictive than heroin.» The full UK Mirror article – By Caroline Jones.

  • The New York Times – Learning Network – Investigating Science and Health Questions About Sugar and Our Bodies
    Overview | In this series of lesson ideas, which can be done individually or together as part of a larger unit, we’ll help students investigate the science and myths about added sugars. How unhealthy are they? What happens to sugar when ingested? How much sugar do we actually consume? Is there a real difference between sugar and corn syrup? And what has the public health response been, and how could it be better? » Go to this Health and Science Lesson.

Keeping memory sharp – Active Lifestyle Reduces Dementia Risk

Exercising in your 70s may stop your brain from shrinking and showing the signs of aging linked to dementia

  • When the researchers examined the brain’s white matter – the wiring that transmits messages round the brain – they found that the people over the age of 70 who were more physically active had fewer damaged areas than those who did little exercise.
    And they had more grey matter – the parts of the brain where the messages originate.
  • Exercise did not have to be strenuous – going for a walk several times a week sufficed, the journal Neurology says.
  • Regardless of why, experts say the findings are good news because exercise is an easy thing to do to boost health. » The full BBC article – By Michellle Roberts – October 23, 2012.

Age-Related Forgetfulness Tied to Diminished Brain Protein

  • Scientists identified the protein, called RbAp48, in human brain cells and showed that inhibiting it in mice made the animals forgetful while raising the protein improved their memories. That suggests that age-related memory loss may be reversible, researchers said.
  • The findings also confirm that age-related memory loss is different from the deficits seen in Alzheimer’s disease. The research is published today in the journal Science Translational Medicine.» The full Bloomberg article– By Elizabeth Lopatto – August 29, 2013.

Memory Loss Image source

  • The New York Times – Learning Network – If Memory Serves
    Overview | Students will reflect on their opinions about intelligence, discover ways intelligence can increase through memory training and develop some of their own effective exercises. Then they create posters to share this information with the school community. Go to this Health and Science Lesson.
  • The New York Times – Learning Network – The Science of Aging
    Overview | Student reflect on the lives of older people they know, then research and debate the key issues surrounding scientific experimentation in anti-aging. (Related NYT article: » Even more reason to get moving – By Jane E. Brody) Go to this Health and Science Lesson.
  • The New York Times – Learning Network – Do You Know Your Health I.Q.?
    Overview | In this lesson, students offer definitions for common medical terms and determine those that are most accurate. They then prepare quizzes on health-related topics to administer to peers and adults, and write analysis papers based on their findings. Go to this Health and Science Lesson.

If You Feel O.K., Maybe You Are O.K.

    Overdiagnosed

  • For years now, people have been encouraged to look to medical care as the way to make them healthy. But that’s your job — you can’t contract that out.
  • Doctors might be able to help, but so might an author of a good cookbook, a personal trainer, a cleric or a good friend.
  • We would all be better off if the medical system got a little closer to its original mission of helping sick patients, and let the healthy be. » The full NYT – Op-Ed – By H. Gilbert Welch – February 27, 2012

Tai Chi Makes Parkinson’s Patients More Steady on Their Feet, Study Shows

  • Tai chi, a Chinese martial art of precise, gentle movements, helps patients with mild-to-moderate Parkinson’s disease improve their balance, a study found.
  • Andrew Feigin, a neurologist specializing in Parkinson’s disease at the North Shore-LIJ Medical Group in Great Neck, New York, said the findings give scientific backing to doctor recommendations that patients try exercises like tai chi to improve balance.
  • “Balance and gait are problems that people with Parkinson’s disease have,” said Feigin, who wasn’t an author of today’s paper, in a Feb. 6 telephone interview. “Things like stretching and resistance aren’t really working on balance. Tai chi really focuses on improvements in balance. It’s nice to get some actual data that shows doing those things can be helpful.” » The full Bloomberg article – By Nicole Ostrow – February 9, 2012.

The significance of bones. Yoga strengthens bones. Skeleton image source // Yoga posture Image.

    Bone is built of two basic components: flexible fibers of collagen and brittle chains of the calcium-rich mineral hydroxyapatite. But those relatively simple ingredients, the springy and the salty, are woven together into such a complex cat’s cradle of interdigitating layers that the result is an engineering masterpiece of tensile, compressive and elastic strength. “We only wish we could mimic it,” Dr. Ritchie said. Read the full New York Times article – By Natalie Angier.

  • The New York Times – Learning Network – Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes
    Overview | Students gain a greater understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the muscular system, the skeletal system and connective tissue by researching joints in the body. They also reflect on the effects of injuries on their joints and learn about new treatment methods. Go to this Health and Science Lesson.
  • The New York Times – Learning Network – Investigating the Complex Significance of Bones
    Overview | Students examine the literal, physiological and figurative significance of bones through experimentation, then create their own skeleton-related exhibits for a “Bone and Skeleton Museum.” Go to this Health and Science Lesson.

Presidential race may leave lasting imprint on Supreme Court

Future appointments by Obama or Romney could be pivotal on issues of gay rights, gun laws, abortion and money in politics.

  • “A change in the ideology of only one justice could have a profound impact on the course of constitutional law,” said professor Geoffrey Stone at the University of Chicago Law School, where Obama formerly taught. An Obama win “could bring about a significant — and in my view, healthy — change in the direction of the court,” he said.
  • Given one more liberal vote, the court would likely switch directions on campaign money and uphold laws that limit election spending and require the full disclosure of donors. With an extra conservative vote, however, the justices on the right are likely to go further and free big donors — including corporations — to give money directly to candidates and parties. » The full Los Angeles Times article – By David G. Savage – September 30, 2012.

Voters elect law makers not judges

  • With his surprising vote to uphold the core of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Chief Justice John Roberts may have salvaged the legitimacy of his court.
  • A lopsided majority of Americans has come to see the court as just another partisan institution, according to a recent poll, and the chief justice probably doesn’t want that as his legacy.
  • Roberts breaks with conservatives casts swing vote

  • The Affordable Care Act won’t fully renovate the country’s warped system of health care. But now, 32 million more Americans will be able to visit a doctor, get a vaccination, get a mammogram or get medication for hypertension. Insurance companies can’t jack up customers’ rates willy-nilly because they get sick, or refuse to sell them a policy because 10 years ago they had cancer. » The full yahoo news article – By Cynthia Tucker – June 30, 2012.
  • As Chief Justice Roberts (who provided the swing vote to uphold the Affordable Care Act) explained at his confirmation hearings seven years ago, his approach to testing the constitutionality of federal laws involved significant deference to the elected branches.
  • “All (?) judges are acutely aware of the fact that millions and millions of people have voted for you and not one has voted for any of us,” he told Mr. Hatch. “That means that you have the responsibility of representing the policy preferences of the people.”
  • He made the point more sharply on Thursday, in a part of his opinion in which he spoke only for himself.
  • “It is not our job,” he said, “to protect the people from the consequences of their political choices.” » The full New York Times article – By Adam Liptak – June 28, 2012.

  • “The court’s legitimacy is derived from the persuasiveness of its opinions and the expectation that those opinions are rendered free of partisan, political influences,” former New Jersey Supreme Court justice Peter G. Verniero told the New York Times. “The more that individual justices are drawn into public debates, the more the court as an institution will be seen in political terms, which was not the intent of the founders.” The full Christian Science article » By Brad Knickerbocker – January 30, 2010.

  • Two years ago the Supreme Court ruled corporations, like people, can finance political campaigns

    • Update – June 26, 2012: Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman of New York has begun investigating contributions to tax-exempt groups that are heavily involved in political campaigns, focusing on a case involving the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, which has been one of the largest outside groups seeking to influence recent elections but is not required to disclose its donors. » The full New York TImes article – By Nicholas Confessore – June 26, 2012.
    • Senator John McCain said in an interview posted online Friday that “foreign money” was helping fellow Republican Mitt Romney’s presidential hopes and singled out one of his ally’s most generous supporters.
    • McCain, suggested casino magnate Sheldon Adelson’s $10 million contribution to a pro-Romney super PAC was a conduit for Adelson to use profits from properties in Macau to shape American elections.
    • He called the decision (that allowed this kind of donation) “the most misguided, naive, uninformed, egregious decision of the United States Supreme Court, I think, in the 21st century.” » The full Associated Press article – June 16, 2012.

    Looking Further Back: Obama v. Alito – Political dust-up during 2010 State of the Union

    • Obama needled – well, lambasted – the US Supreme Court for a recent decision he said would “open the floodgates for special interests, including foreign corporations, to spend without limit in our elections.”
    • Justice is blind Image source By Barry Blitt.

    • Sitting right in front of the president – robed in sober black, hands folded in their laps – were six of the justices, including three who had made it possible (in Obama’s words) for American elections to be “bankrolled by America’s most powerful interests, or worse, by foreign entities.”
    • Obama’s mention of the campaign finance decision caused Associate Justice Samuel Alito’s expression to go dark as he shook his head and appeared to say “Simply not true.” » The full Christian Science article » By Brad Knickerbocker – January 30, 2010.

    • The New York Times – Learning Network – Justices for All
      Overview | In this lesson, students examine the role of Supreme Court justices in the American political process. Students will research the qualities of the current Supreme Court justices and write opinion papers evaluating the current justices and recommending future nominations. Go to this Law and Society Lesson.
    • The New York Times – Learning Network – Courting Controversy?
      Overview | In this lesson, students learn about the confirmation of Supreme Court justice Samuel A. Alito, Jr. They then examine a number of individual issues from different ideological and philosophical perspectives. Go to this Law and Society Lesson.
    • The New York Times – Learning Network – Judges on Trial
      Overview | In this lesson, students investigate how different branches of government affect or aid the appointment of a Supreme Court justice nominee and the responsibilities of a judge. Go to this Law and Society Lesson.

    Reforming Health Care in America

    America’s Affordable Health Care Law

    • President Obama’s healthcare law has reduced the number of uninsured adults by 8 million to 11 million in its first year, according to three new studies, and the vast majority report satisfaction with their new health plans.
    • “The findings suggest that the Affordable Care Act is beginning to achieve its central goal — reducing the number of Americans who are uninsured and improving access to healthcare,” said Sara Collins, the lead researcher and a vice president at the Commonwealth Fund, a New York foundation that supports healthcare research.
    • The figures from all three studies fall roughly in line with projections by the Congressional Budget Office. Based on the experience of previous government programs, the budget office projected that enrollment would continue to grow, further reducing the uninsured population. » The LA Times – By Chad Terhune and David Lauter – July 10, 2014.

    Birth Control Free for All: New Insurance Rules Affect Millions of Women

    • Update: Democratic Sens. Patty Murray and Mark Udall fought back today against the Supreme Court’s Hobby Lobby ruling with plans for legislation intended to restore the contraceptive coverage requirement under the Affordable Care Act. » The ABC article – By Jake Letterman – July 10, 2014.
    • Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg filed a dissenting opinion joined by Justice Sonia Sotomayor and mostly joined by Justices Elena Kagan and Stephen Breyer.
    • Ginsburg warned in her dissent that the decision was not as narrow as it claimed to be. “In a decision of startling breadth, the Court holds that commercial enterprises, including corporations, along with partnerships and sole proprietorships, can opt out of any law (saving only tax laws) they judge incompatible with their sincerely held religious beliefs,” Ginsburg wrote. » The Huffingtonpost article – June 30, 2014.

    Affordable health care

    A teen girl is shown with birth control in this file photo. (Peter Dazeley/Getty Images)
    • “We know that half of women, according to studies, forego or delay preventive care because they can’t afford it and under the affordable care act that all changes,” Stephanie Cutter, a White House advisor, told ABC News.
    • The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has announced sweeping new guidelines for women’s health care which will change everything from distribution of birth control pills to administration of breast exams — and will mean insured women will no longer pay anything out of their own pocket. » The full ABC article – By Jennifer Pereira and Kevin Dolak – Published: August 1, 2011.

    To cut insurance costs, companies help workers get healthy

    • The upward trend in health care costs can’t all be blamed on growing doctors’ bills.
    • So, employers have started to provide on-site medical visits, access to gyms, chronic-care plans, smoking-cessation programs and even discounts for those who buy a banana rather than a cookie.
    • For an employer, costs can be as much as 40% higher in one year for someone who is overweight because of all the issues associated with obesity, including diabetes, back problems, asthma, depression and heart disease, said Kenneth Thorpe, who co-directs Emory University’s Center on Health Outcomes and Quality. » The full USA article – By Kelly Kennedy – September 28, 2011.

    • The New York Times – Learning Network – ‘The Reality of Reform’: Understanding the Health Care Law
      Overview | How will health care reform change life and politics in the United States? What does the new law mean for individuals, families, businesses and insurers, as well as for politics and government leaders? In this lesson, students gauge their background knowledge of the health care reform act and take a close look at the legislation to clarify their understanding. They then execute a project on historical context, local reaction and/or the key players, and finish by creating collages of images and quotations that illuminate the issues. Go to this Health and Building SocietyLesson.
    • The New York Times – Learning Network – The Political is Personal
      Overview | Students explore their own personal political philosophies by identifying events, people and experiences that have helped shape their beliefs and writing an essay. Go to this Building Society and ESL Lesson.

    Getting ready for a world without antibiotics

    Subterranean bacteria are already resistant to at least one of the antibiotics we use to fight infections

    • Scientists have long believed that the ability of disease-causing bacteria to outwit antibiotic medicines was a man-made phenomenon, said Eileen Choffnes, director of the Institute of Medicine’s forum on microbial threats.
    • The growing use of antibiotics derived from plants and synthesized in laboratories was thought to have spurred adaptations that made many of these bacterial pathogens less vulnerable to drugs used to fight tuberculosis, malaria, gonorrhea, influenza, pneumonia and AIDS.
    • But the new research demonstrates that antibiotic resistance emerged millions of years before those medicines were used — and in an environment far too forbidding for the bacteria to have come into any contact with the drugs, Choffnes said.
    • The findings make it clear that humans will always have to contend with the problem of antibiotic resistance, no matter what steps are taken to prevent it, said Dr. Brad Spellberg, an infectious disease researcher at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center: “There’s never going to be a point where we can say, ‘OK, we’re up, we’re ahead, they’re done.’ ” » The full Los Angeles Times article – By Melissa Healy – April 11, 2012.

    Antibiotics are a bedrock of modern medicine.

    But in the very near future, we’re going to have to learn to live without them once again.
    “The emergence of antibiotic resistance is the most eloquent example of Darwin’s principle of evolution that there ever was,” says Dr David Livermore. “It is a war of attrition. It is naive to think we can win.”
    Dr Livermore, whose grandmother died for lack of infection-killing drugs in 1945, is director of the antibiotic resistance monitoring and reference laboratory of the Health Protection Agency. – Continued after the images….

    Antibiotic resistant bacteria

    Streptococcus pyrogens bacteria. Photograph: S Lowry/University of Ulster/Getty Images – image source

    Handwashing -  Alberta Gov. Health image source

    Keeping hands clean is one of the most important steps we can take to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others.» U.S. Center for Disease Control

    …. People of my generation were taught a lot about washing your hands before every meal, Professor Richard James, director of the centre for healthcare associated infections at the University of Nottingham, said. It was automatic that it was done. A lot of that has gone.”
    There are some innovative ideas about, he says, on ways of teaching children in school to wash their hands – in the hope that they will then go home and pester their parents to do the same. » Read the full Article – By Sarah Boseley – The Guardian, Thursday 12 August 2010.


    • The New York Times – Learning Network – Outbreak!
      Overview | Students reflect on and research drug-resistant bacteria and the use of antibiotics. They then use their research to make board games that focus on the microscopic interactions among bacteria, antibodies, antibiotics and the cells of the immune system. Go to this Health and Science Lesson.
    • The New York Times – Learning Network – It Might Come in Handy
      Overview | Students will learn about the latest study on routine hand washing practices. They will then research some of the possible communicable diseases that can be transmitted by having lax hygiene. Go to this Health and Science Lesson.

    To the Rescue! – Learn first aid responses to a variety of emergency scenarios

    Act F.A.S.T.
    • FACE
      Ask the person to smile.
      Does one side of the face droop? 
    • ARMS
      Ask the person to raise both arms.
      Does one arm drift downward?
    • SPEECH
      Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence.
      Are the words slurred?  Can he/she repeat the sentence correctly?
    • TIME
      If the person shows any of these symptoms, time is important. 
      Call 911 or get to the hospital fast. Brain cells are dying.
      More from – Stroke.org


      Hospitals beating deadline for treating heart attacks

    • In a spectacular turnabout, hospitals are treating almost all major heart attack patients within the recommended 90 minutes of arrival, a new study finds. Just five years ago, less than half of them got the patients’ clogged arteries opened that fast. » The full Boston Globe article – By Marilynn Marchione – Published: August 23, 2011.

    Warning signs of a stroke Image source


    CPR Saves Lives Image source


    • The New York Times – Learning Network – Understanding Medical Responses to Emergencies
      Overview | Students review their understanding of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. They then learn about other types of medical responses to common emergency situations and evaluate the importance of CPR. » Go to this Health and Science Lesson.
    • The New York Times – Learning Network – To the Rescue!
      Overview | Students learn about the trial of an automated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) machine. They then investigate and role play first aid responses to a variety of emergency scenarios. » Go to this Health and Science Lesson.